Convocation procession and degrees

Mount Allison University prides itself on the quality and personal nature of its Convocation.

It is rightly a colourful occasion filled with music and pageantry in celebration of your achievement. Because there will not be an opportunity to rehearse the ceremony with the graduating students, it will be helpful if you take the time to acquaint yourself with the logistical details of the procession and degree granting process.

Student procession on Convocation Day

On Convocation Day, the student procession, which forms in the PCCA one hour before the ceremony*, is marshaled according to degrees and in order of classes of degree, e.g. BA with First Class honours with distinction, First Class Honours, Honours with distinction, Honours, BA with distinction, BA, etc.

Students therefore need to be ordered in this way for seating so that they can move to the stage for presentation according to this pattern.

Don't worry! On Convocation Day there will be a number of marshals available to direct you.


  • It will take time to organize graduates. Please be on hand at the PCCA one hour before your ceremony.
  • Have your cap, gown, hood (folded) with you. October grads should wear their hood.
  • Upon entering the PCCA, please pick up a copy of the Convocation program. This will help you identify your place in the seating order. The parade marshals will organize you there and your attention will be appreciated.
  • If you have a name that is commonly mispronounced, please see Dr. Robbie Moser, the secretary of Senate, to ensure that he is informed of the correct pronunciation.

Fifteen minutes before the start of the ceremony, the procession will depart from the PCCA for Convocation Hall in a double line ordered alphabetically by class of degree. The student procession will be preceded by the faculty procession which departs from the R. P. Bell Library. When the faculty line reaches the steps of Convocation Hall, it will part to form a passage through which the student line will walk, moving into the foyer and thence to be seated at the direction of the marshals.

The double file student line will consist of pairs of students; the surname of the person in the left-hand position being higher in the alphabet. It is essential that pairs remain in the proper order throughout the procession. This line will enter the hall by the right-hand aisle, and be seated in the centre section of the hall from the front row. As the procession reaches a row, the left-hand person enters first, followed by the right-hand person, and so on. The marshals will make sure that 14 persons enter each row. Please move quickly to your seat and remain standing until the platform party is on stage and you are directed to sit.

In the event of inclement weather, the procession will be formed in the basement of Convocation Hall. Notices to this effect will be posted at the PCCA.

Conferring of degrees — step by step

When it is time for the conferring of degrees, the marshal will signal for the first row (marshals will collect each row in turn) to rise together, exiting via the left-hand aisle and approaching the north stairs of the stage.

At this point students should have their cap under their left arm and the folded hood tab side up in their right hand. You will be handed a name card at the foot of the stairs.

When directed, the first person in the row will move onto the stage, hand the name card to the secretary of Senate, and move past them to the position on the stage marked by a piece of tape. (This is important as it allows the flow of graduands to proceed more quickly across the stage.)

Then simply follow these steps:

  • As your name is read out, walk toward the Chancellor.
  • The dean will meet you en route and take your hood from you by clasping the tab. When you reach centre stage, stand in front of the Chancellor.
  • Place your right hand in the Chancellor's as your degree is conferred. As this is happening the dean will place your hood over your head.
  • When this is completed you will turn and walk toward the President who will shake your hand before your proceed the rest of the way across the stage, placing your hat on your head.
  • Before exiting the stage, you will receive your diploma from the registrar. After descending the stairs you will return to your seat.

When you re-enter the vacant row of seats, you may not return to the exact seat you had. This is because those students who are receiving a second degree or a certificate will not be returning directly. Rather they will proceed to the back of the hall and assemble on the north wall at the foot of the stage until it is time to return to the stage to receive their next award.

At the conclusion of Convocation, the marshals will usher your row out of the hall in order from the front row using both aisles. Please move directly out of the foyer and on to the driveway to allow the hall to vacate.

October graduates, second degrees, and certificates — if you are an October graduate, you should wear your hood throughout the day’s ceremonies. Similarly, if you are receiving a certificate, wear your hood as you cross the stage a second time.

About our academic regalia


The students and all of the scholars taking part in the ceremony wear what is called academic costume for the event.

The costume consists of a gown — usually made of black silk — and a cap, traditionally the so-called ‘mortarboard’, or alternatively the Canterbury cap. These articles of clothing are relics of the medieval roots of the modern university.

THE GOWN preserves the standard form of dress worn by scholars from the 13th to the 16th centuries — the time when the first European universities were emerging as definable entities. Similarly the scholar’s cap is a legacy of the time when many different occupations were recognized by the hat or costume of their practitioner.

THE HOOD is of special interest for it also derives from a form of clothing. The cut of the hood, if viewed carefully, will show that it is similar to the hood of a parka; it can be draped over the head or allowed to fall loosely over one’s back as is commonly done with the academic hood. This garment was also a standard article of clothing during medieval times. Universities in the British academic tradition, which dates to the mid 13th-century when Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, and University College, Oxford, were founded, have used the hood as a means to distinguish the degrees of their graduates from those at other institutions. This is accomplished by lining the hood with coloured silk or trimming the edge of the hood with fur or coloured silk.

STOLES In 2022, Kente and Mi’kmaw graduation stoles were introduced for Black and Indigenous students respectively. The Kente stoles have three colours: red represents the blood of Black ancestors, yellow symbolizes strength, and green stands for growth. The Mi’kmaw stoles are embroidered with the Mi’kmaw eight-point star.

More advanced degrees typically produce richer and more complex costumes. Thus the doctoral gown is often coloured whereas bachelor gowns are austere black. The varieties of these designs give the academic gathering a colourful and dramatic flavour and add to the spectacle of the event.

The ritual is completed when the student is presented with the scroll indicating the awarding of the degree. In medieval times the scroll was a license to teach, but today the degree acts as a broader accreditation of academic achievement. Upon being ‘hooded’ and receiving the scroll, the student is admitted to the degree and becomes a graduate of the University.

About our diplomas

For a quarter of a century, visual artist and former Fine Arts department head Thaddeus Holownia has been printing Mount Allison’s diplomas.

The tradition of hand printing Mount Allison’s diplomas dates back to the early 1900s. Holownia prints the diplomas using the letterpress process at the Anchorage Press in Jolicure, New Brunswick.

Each of the names of Mount Allison’s graduates is hand cast and printed with an embossed method on the diplomas. Each spring he spends considerable time casting all the names of the graduates before printing the diplomas for Convocation.

“The two colours of ink and the scale contributes to the special presence the Mount Allison diploma has on the wall,” he says. “Each one has a real relationship to the history of degree granting at Mount Allison University.”

Diploma frames especially designed for Mount Allison graduates, emblazoned with the University crest, are also available for purchase.

The history of Convocation

Josiah Wood and Howard Sprague could hardly have imagined the foundation they were laying when they accepted Mount Allison’s first two Bachelor degrees in 1863.

The two young men made up Mount Allison’s entire first graduating class.

In the early years the exercises consisted of a series of orations — in English, French, Greek, and Latin — by members of the freshman and junior classes, as well as by each graduating student.

  • In 1866, honorary degrees were introduced.
  • In the early 1880s, the valedictory address became part of the program, one of the first delivered by William Morley Tweedie, for whom Tweedie Hall is named.
  • In 1948, the beloved Alma Mater Song, penned in 1904 by Winthrop P. Bell (1904), became part of the ceremony.
  • The 50th anniversary of Convocation saw 26 graduates receive their degrees, while at the 100th anniversary there were about 200.
  • In May 2013, approximately 500 graduates followed the path Wood and Sprague forged, receiving their degrees during the University’s 150th Convocation ceremony and adding their names to a roster of about 35,000 others who have earned a degree at Mount Allison.